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Texas Residential Construction Liability Act

Texas residential construction liability act
Foundation with Large Crack that extends into the brick wall above it. High quality photo

The Texas Residential Construction Liability Act (RCLA) is a significant piece of legislation in Texas that governs the construction of residential properties. It establishes certain standards and procedures to address disputes between homeowners and builders regarding construction defects in newly constructed homes.

Here are some key points about the Texas Residential Construction Liability Act:

  1. Purpose: The primary purpose of the RCLA is to provide a framework for resolving disputes related to construction defects in newly constructed residential properties.
  2. Definitions of Construction Defects: The RCLA defines what constitutes a construction defect. These may include deficiencies in design, materials, workmanship, or other aspects of construction that may affect the structural integrity or habitability of the home.
  3. Notice and Opportunity to Repair: One of the key provisions of the RCLA is the requirement for homeowners to provide written notice to the builder of any alleged construction defects before initiating legal action. Builders are then given an opportunity to inspect the property and make repairs if necessary.
  4. Right to Repair: The RCLA grants builders the right to repair any identified defects within a reasonable time frame after receiving notice from the homeowner. This provision aims to encourage out-of-court settlements and minimize litigation.
  5. Statute of Limitations: The RCLA sets a specific time limit within which homeowners must bring legal action for construction defects. This limitation period typically begins from the date of discovery of the defect or the substantial completion of the construction, whichever comes first.
  6. Alternative Dispute Resolution: The RCLA encourages the use of alternative dispute resolution methods, such as mediation or arbitration, to resolve construction defect disputes in a timely and cost-effective manner.
  7. Exemptions: The RCLA may not apply to certain types of residential construction, such as improvements made by homeowners themselves or construction projects involving fewer than four residential units.

It’s essential for homeowners and builders in Texas to be familiar with the provisions of the Residential Construction Liability Act to understand their rights and obligations in the event of construction disputes. Legal advice from professionals specializing in construction law is often sought to navigate the complexities of this legislation.